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UNCLAIMED PROPERTY FOCUS is a blog written by and for UPPO members, featuring diverse perspectives and insights from unclaimed property practitioners across the U.S. and Canada. We welcome your submissions to Unclaimed Property Focus. Please contact Tim Dressen via tim@uppo.org with any questions about submitting a blog post for consideration and refer to our editorial guidelines when writing your blog post. Disclaimer: Information and/or comments to this blog is not intended as a substitute for legal advice on compliance or reporting requirements.

 

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Pennsylvania Reaffirms Reporting Standards for Retirement Accounts

Posted By Administration, Wednesday, September 11, 2019
Updated: Wednesday, September 11, 2019

Brian Munley, Pennsylvania's director of the bureau of unclaimed property, recently issued a notification and reminder of the state’s Policy Guidance – Reporting Standards for Fiduciary Accounts. The notice reaffirms that Pennsylvania's guidance from September 2016 is still in effect and should be followed until further notice from the state. 

 

Following is Pennsylvania’s September 2019 notification:

 

In September 2016, in response to amendments made to the Commonwealth’s Disposition of Abandoned and Unclaimed Property Law, Treasury issued a Policy Guidance with a particular emphasis designed to ensure that IRAs and other types of retirement account owners would not be subject to negative tax treatment as a consequence of an escheatment of retirement-related assets to the Commonwealth. This Guidance protects an account owner under the age of 59 ½ by preventing the reporting/distribution of certain re-tirement accounts which my otherwise be subjected to the Internal Revenue Code’s 10-percent additional tax for early distributions. IRC §72(t)(2)(A)(i).

 

The following is a restatement of the Policy Guidance, which remains in full force and effect: 

Treasury will neither demand nor accept any retirement account that is presumed abandoned and unclaimed, except as follows:

  1. An individual retirement account (including a retirement plan for self-employed individuals) of which the beneficiary cannot be located for a period of three (3) years following the death of the owner and that is not subject to a mandatory distribution requirement; or
  2. An individual retirement account (including a retirement plan for self-employed individuals) of which the owner has attained seventy and one-half years of age and is not subject to a mandatory distribution requirement.

Accordingly, until further notice, retirement accounts are to be reported only if either of the above requirements are satisfied. It is Treasury’s objective to prevent the reporting of property that is not truly abandoned or unclaimed. In so doing, Treasury notes its authority to exercise its discretion to refuse the acceptance of certain types of unclaimed property. §72 P.S. §1301.17.

 

Questions pertaining to this notification may be directed via email to bmunley@patreasury.gov.

Tags:  Pennsylvania  retirement accounts  unclaimed property 

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ERISA Advisory Council Plans Review of Unclaimed Property Practices

Posted By Administration, Thursday, June 13, 2019

The Advisory Council on Employee Welfare and Pension Benefit Plans recently announced it will study permissive transfers of uncashed checks from ERISA plans to state unclaimed property funds. Also known as the ERISA Advisory Council, the group’s purpose is to provide recommendations to the Department of Labor on matters related to Employee Retirement Income Security Act.

 

Many employee benefit plans have been established under ERISA. A common position for companies to take is that because federal law dictates how benefit plans should be administered under ERISA, states are preempted from claiming the money associated with those plans. 

 

Announcing its plans to study the issue, the advisory council wrote, “The department has consistently applied a broad view of ERISA preemption of state unclaimed property and escheat laws. However, that guidance does not limit the extent to which a plan representative may voluntarily transfer uncashed checks to a state unclaimed property fund. The 2019 Council’s objective is to review the treatment and procedures utilized by state unclaimed property funds, which may vary significantly between states.”

 

The council does not plan to address what steps are appropriate to locate missing plan participants. Rather, it intends to explore whether circumstances exist in which voluntary transfers of uncashed distribution checks to a state unclaimed property fund advances the Department of Labor’s goal of reuniting missing participants with their retirement savings. 

 

The ERISA Advisory Council is scheduled to take up this issue during its next meeting, scheduled for June 25-27, 2019. The council will accept public comments through June 18. 

 

 

 

 

Tags:  employee benefits  ERISA  retirement accounts 

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UPPO Advocacy Update: June 2019

Posted By Administration, Thursday, June 6, 2019
Updated: Thursday, June 6, 2019

To help members remain aware of UPPO’s advocacy activities, the Unclaimed Property Focus blog presents the recurring Advocacy Update when legislatures are active or significant advocacy activity has occurred. Following are recent activities and trends from UPPO’s Government Relations and Advocacy Committee (GRAC).

 

Most state legislatures have recessed or adjourned for the year, so the number of active unclaimed property bills has decreased. States are likely to continue introducing new RUUPA-inspired bills when legislatures reconvene next year. 

 

As mentioned in recent advocacy updates, many such bills include provisions related to contingency auditors, earlier liquidation of securities and subpoena rights. 

 

The expansion of state subpoena power is especially concerning. Providing appropriate data to states as part of the unclaimed property reporting process is essential. However, some data requests and subpoenas are overly broad, presenting privacy concerns for consumers and the holders with which they do business. In some cases, data turned over to states that should be protected may be made public if the state doesn’t exclude private information from Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) responses. UPPO will continue to oppose such legislation and encourages holders to challenge overly broad information requests and subpoenas.

 

During the legislative recess, GRAC and the Holders Coalition will continue to work on federal issues, including the Internal Revenue Service’s position on individual retirement account escheatment, the tax treatment of unclaimed 401(k) accounts highlighted by the recent GAO report, and the SECURE Act. GRAC also continues its work promoting introduction of a voluntary disclosure program in California

 

As more and more legislatures and regulatory agencies take on issues affecting unclaimed property compliance, advocacy has become an increasingly important role for UPPO.

Please take a few minutes to complete our 
Government Relations and Advocacy Survey to help us build our grassroots network. Responses will give us the ability to mobilize UPPO members when we are faced with legislative and regulatory challenges and opportunities.

 

 

Tags:  California  GAO  IRS  retirement accounts  SECURE Act  subpoena 

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Unclaimed Property News Roundup

Posted By Administration, Thursday, March 29, 2018

Unclaimed property continues to make headlines. Following is a recap of some recent stories getting news coverage from local and national media outlets.

 

Illinois bill raises debate about contingency fee audits

On March 12, The State Journal-Register discussed arguments for and against Illinois S.B. 2901, a bill that would, among other things, prohibit the state from hiring auditors on a contingency fee basis.

 

Minnesota Supreme Court tackles the state’s efforts to find owners and treatment of interest-bearing property

On March 7, 2018, Minnesota Public Radio’s NewsCut blog covered a Minnesota Supreme Court decision regarding the state’s handling of unclaimed funds. The court ruled that the state takes adequate steps to reunite owners with their property, but that it owes owners the interest they would have earned from property originating from interest-bearing accounts.

 

Bitcoin lawsuit raises issues about virtual currency as unclaimed property

In early March, numerous online publications, including Ars Technica, covered a series of lawsuits against cryptocurrency exchange Coinbase. One of the cases claims the company pocketed unclaimed virtual funds rather than escheating them to California.

 

New PBGC program provides new option for sponsors of terminating 401(k) plan

On Jan. 31, 2018, Bloomberg discussed a new program from the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation aimed at reuniting property owners with funds from terminated 401(k) plans.

 

Looking for your missing Donovan McNabb jersey?

Spurred by state treasurers’ efforts, local news outlets often remind readers to search unclaimed property lists for funds they may be owed. Using this year’s Super Bowl as an angle for drawing attention to unclaimed property, Pennsylvania’s treasurer received coverage in The Inquirer by focusing on unclaimed Philadelphia Eagles memorabilia, presumably from abandoned safe deposit boxes.  

 

Tags:  audits  cryptocurrency  retirement accounts  safe deposit boxes 

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